Profiles

Profiles allows users to set a complete configurateion set for settings, options, environment variables, and build requirements in a file. They have this structure:

[settings]
setting=value

[options]
MyLib:shared=True

[env]
env_var=value

[build_requires]
Tool1/0.1@user/channel
Tool2/0.1@user/channel, Tool3/0.1@user/channel
*: Tool4/0.1@user/channel

Profile files can be used with -pr/--profile option in $ conan install and $ conan create commands.

$ conan create demo/testing -pr=myprofile

Profiles can be located in different folders, for example, the default <userhome>/.conan/profiles, and be referenced by absolute or relative path:

$ conan install --profile /abs/path/to/profile  # abs path
$ conan install --profile ./relpath/to/profile  # resolved to current dir
$ conan install --profile profile  # resolved to user/.conan/profiles/profile

Listing existing profiles can be done like this:

$ conan profile list
default
myprofile1
myprofile2
...

You can also show profile’s content:

$ conan profile show myprofile1
Configuration for profile myprofile1:

[settings]
    os=Windows
    arch=x86_64
    compiler=Visual Studio
    compiler.version=15
    build_type=Release
[options]
[build_requires]
[env]

Use $PROFILE_DIR in your profile and it will be replaced with the absolute path to the profile file. It is useful to declare relative folders:

[env]
PYTHONPATH=$PROFILE_DIR/my_python_tools

Package settings and env vars

Profiles also support package settings and package environment variables definition, so you can override some settings or environment variables for some specific package:

.conan/profiles/zlib_with_clang
 [settings]
 zlib:compiler=clang
 zlib:compiler.version=3.5
 zlib:compiler.libcxx=libstdc++11
 compiler=gcc
 compiler.version=4.9
 compiler.libcxx=libstdc++11

 [env]
 zlib:CC=/usr/bin/clang
 zlib:CXX=/usr/bin/clang++

Your build tool will locate clang compiler only for the zlib package and gcc (default one) for the rest of your dependency tree.

Profile includes

You can include other profiles using the include() statement. The path can be relative to the current profile, absolute, or a profile name from the default profile location in the local cache.

The include() statement has to be at the top of the profile file:

gcc_49
 [settings]
 compiler=gcc
 compiler.version=4.9
 compiler.libcxx=libstdc++11
myprofile
 include(gcc_49)

 [settings]
 zlib:compiler=clang
 zlib:compiler.version=3.5
 zlib:compiler.libcxx=libstdc++11

 [env]
 zlib:CC=/usr/bin/clang
 zlib:CXX=/usr/bin/clang++

Variable declaration

In a profile you can declare variables that will be replaced automatically by conan before the profile is applied. The variables have to be declared at the top of the file, after the include() statements.

myprofile
include(gcc_49)
CLANG=/usr/bin/clang

[settings]
zlib:compiler=clang
zlib:compiler.version=3.5
zlib:compiler.libcxx=libstdc++11

[env]
zlib:CC=$CLANG/clang
zlib:CXX=$CLANG/clang++

The variables will be inherited too, so you can declare variables in a profile and then include the profile in a different one, all the variables will be available:

gcc_49
GCC_PATH=/my/custom/toolchain/path/

[settings]
compiler=gcc
compiler.version=4.9
compiler.libcxx=libstdc++11
myprofile
include(gcc_49)

[settings]
zlib:compiler=clang
zlib:compiler.version=3.5
zlib:compiler.libcxx=libstdc++11

[env]
zlib:CC=$GCC_PATH/gcc
zlib:CXX=$GCC_PATH/g++

Examples

If you are working with Linux and you usually work with gcc compiler, but you have installed clang compiler and want to install some package for clang compiler, you could do:

  • Create a .conan/profiles/clang file:
[settings]
compiler=clang
compiler.version=3.5
compiler.libcxx=libstdc++11

[env]
CC=/usr/bin/clang
CXX=/usr/bin/clang++
  • Execute conan install command passing the --profile or -pr parameter:
conan install --profile clang

Without profiles you would have needed to set the CC and CXX variables in the environment to point to your clang compiler and use -s parameters to specify the settings:

export CC=/usr/bin/clang
export CXX=/usr/bin/clang++
conan install -s compiler=clang -s compiler.version=3.5 -s compiler.libcxx=libstdc++11

A profile can also be used in conan create and info command:

$ conan create demo/testing --profile clang

See also