global.conf

The global.conf file is located in the Conan user home directory, e.g., [CONAN_HOME]/global.conf. If it does not already exist, a default one is automatically created.

Introduction to configuration

global.conf is aimed to save some core/tools/user configuration variables that will be used by Conan. For instance:

  • Package ID modes.

  • General HTTP(python-requests) configuration.

  • Number of retries when downloading/uploading recipes.

  • Related tools configurations (used by toolchains, helpers, etc.)

  • Others (required Conan version, CLI non-interactive, etc.)

Let’s briefly explain the three types of existing configurations:

  • core.*: aimed to configure values of Conan core behavior (download retries, package ID modes, etc.). Only definable in global.conf file.

  • tools.*: aimed to configure values of Conan tools (toolchains, build helpers, etc.) used in your recipes. Definable in both global.conf and profiles.

  • user.*: aimed to define personal user configurations. They can define whatever user wants. Definable in both global.conf and profiles.

To list all the possible configurations available, run conan config list:

$ conan config list
core.cache:storage_path: Absolute path where the packages and database are stored
core.download:download_cache: Define path to a file download cache
core.download:parallel: Number of concurrent threads to download packages
core.download:retry: Number of retries in case of failure when downloading from Conan server
core.download:retry_wait: Seconds to wait between download attempts from Conan server
core.gzip:compresslevel: The Gzip compression level for Conan artifacts (default=9)
core.net.http:cacert_path: Path containing a custom Cacert file
core.net.http:clean_system_proxy: If defined, the proxies system env-vars will be discarded
core.net.http:client_cert: Path or tuple of files containing a client cert (and key)
core.net.http:max_retries: Maximum number of connection retries (requests library)
core.net.http:no_proxy_match: List of urls to skip from proxies configuration
core.net.http:proxies: Dictionary containing the proxy configuration
core.net.http:timeout: Number of seconds without response to timeout (requests library)
core.package_id:config_mode: How the 'config_version' affects binaries. By default 'None'
core.package_id:default_build_mode: By default, 'None'
core.package_id:default_embed_mode: By default, 'full_mode'
core.package_id:default_non_embed_mode: By default, 'minor_mode'
core.package_id:default_python_mode: By default, 'minor_mode'
core.package_id:default_unknown_mode: By default, 'semver_mode'
core.scm:excluded: List of excluded patterns for builtin git dirty checks
core.sources:download_cache: Folder to store the sources backup
core.sources:download_urls: List of URLs to download backup sources from
core.sources:exclude_urls: URLs which will not be backed up
core.sources:upload_url: Remote URL to upload backup sources to
core.upload:parallel: Number of concurrent threads to upload packages
core.upload:retry: Number of retries in case of failure when uploading to Conan server
core.upload:retry_wait: Seconds to wait between upload attempts to Conan server
core.version_ranges:resolve_prereleases: Whether version ranges can resolve to pre-releases or not
core:allow_uppercase_pkg_names: Temporarily (will be removed in 2.X) allow uppercase names
core:default_build_profile: Defines the default build profile ('default' by default)
core:default_profile: Defines the default host profile ('default' by default)
core:non_interactive: Disable interactive user input, raises error if input necessary
core:required_conan_version: Raise if current version does not match the defined range.
core:skip_warnings: Do not show warnings matching any of the patterns in this list. Current warning tags are 'network', 'deprecated'
core:warnings_as_errors: Treat warnings matching any of the patterns in this list as errors and then raise an exception. Current warning tags are 'network', 'deprecated'
tools.android:cmake_legacy_toolchain: Define to explicitly pass ANDROID_USE_LEGACY_TOOLCHAIN_FILE in CMake toolchain
tools.android:ndk_path: Argument for the CMAKE_ANDROID_NDK
tools.apple:enable_arc: (boolean) Enable/Disable ARC Apple Clang flags
tools.apple:enable_bitcode: (boolean) Enable/Disable Bitcode Apple Clang flags
tools.apple:enable_visibility: (boolean) Enable/Disable Visibility Apple Clang flags
tools.apple:sdk_path: Path to the SDK to be used
tools.build.cross_building:can_run: (boolean) Indicates whether is possible to run a non-native app on the same architecture. It's used by 'can_run' tool
tools.build.cross_building:cross_build: (boolean) Decides whether cross-building or not regardless of arch/OS settings. Used by 'cross_building' tool
tools.build:cflags: List of extra C flags used by different toolchains like CMakeToolchain, AutotoolsToolchain and MesonToolchain
tools.build:compiler_executables: Defines a Python dict-like with the compilers path to be used. Allowed keys {'c', 'cpp', 'cuda', 'objc', 'objcxx', 'rc', 'fortran', 'asm', 'hip', 'ispc', 'ld', 'ar'}
tools.build:cxxflags: List of extra CXX flags used by different toolchains like CMakeToolchain, AutotoolsToolchain and MesonToolchain
tools.build:defines: List of extra definition flags used by different toolchains like CMakeToolchain, AutotoolsToolchain and MesonToolchain
tools.build:download_source: Force download of sources for every package
tools.build:exelinkflags: List of extra flags used by CMakeToolchain for CMAKE_EXE_LINKER_FLAGS_INIT variable
tools.build:jobs: Default compile jobs number -jX Ninja, Make, /MP VS (default: max CPUs)
tools.build:linker_scripts: List of linker script files to pass to the linker used by different toolchains like CMakeToolchain, AutotoolsToolchain, and MesonToolchain
tools.build:sharedlinkflags: List of extra flags used by CMakeToolchain for CMAKE_SHARED_LINKER_FLAGS_INIT variable
tools.build:skip_test: Do not execute CMake.test() and Meson.test() when enabled
tools.build:sysroot: Pass the --sysroot=<tools.build:sysroot> flag if available. (None by default)
tools.build:verbosity: Verbosity of build systems if set. Possible values are 'quiet' and 'verbose'
tools.cmake.cmake_layout:build_folder: (Experimental) Allow configuring the base folder of the build for local builds
tools.cmake.cmake_layout:build_folder_vars: Settings and Options that will produce a different build folder and different CMake presets names
tools.cmake.cmake_layout:test_folder: (Experimental) Allow configuring the base folder of the build for test_package
tools.cmake.cmaketoolchain:extra_variables: Dictionary with variables to be injected in CMakeToolchain (potential override of CMakeToolchain defined variables)
tools.cmake.cmaketoolchain:find_package_prefer_config: Argument for the CMAKE_FIND_PACKAGE_PREFER_CONFIG
tools.cmake.cmaketoolchain:generator: User defined CMake generator to use instead of default
tools.cmake.cmaketoolchain:presets_environment: String to define wether to add or not the environment section to the CMake presets. Empty by default, will generate the environment section in CMakePresets. Can take values: 'disabled'.
tools.cmake.cmaketoolchain:system_name: Define CMAKE_SYSTEM_NAME in CMakeToolchain
tools.cmake.cmaketoolchain:system_processor: Define CMAKE_SYSTEM_PROCESSOR in CMakeToolchain
tools.cmake.cmaketoolchain:system_version: Define CMAKE_SYSTEM_VERSION in CMakeToolchain
tools.cmake.cmaketoolchain:toolchain_file: Use other existing file rather than conan_toolchain.cmake one
tools.cmake.cmaketoolchain:toolset_arch: Toolset architecture to be used as part of CMAKE_GENERATOR_TOOLSET in CMakeToolchain
tools.cmake.cmaketoolchain:toolset_cuda: (Experimental) Path to a CUDA toolset to use, or version if installed at the system level
tools.cmake.cmaketoolchain:user_toolchain: Inject existing user toolchains at the beginning of conan_toolchain.cmake
tools.cmake:cmake_program: Path to CMake executable
tools.cmake:install_strip: Add --strip to cmake.install()
tools.compilation:verbosity: Verbosity of compilation tools if set. Possible values are 'quiet' and 'verbose'
tools.deployer:symlinks: Set to False to disable deployers copying symlinks
tools.env.virtualenv:powershell: If it is set to True it will generate powershell launchers if os=Windows
tools.files.download:retry: Number of retries in case of failure when downloading
tools.files.download:retry_wait: Seconds to wait between download attempts
tools.files.download:verify: If set, overrides recipes on whether to perform SSL verification for their downloaded files. Only recommended to be set while testing
tools.gnu:build_triplet: Custom build triplet to pass to Autotools scripts
tools.gnu:define_libcxx11_abi: Force definition of GLIBCXX_USE_CXX11_ABI=1 for libstdc++11
tools.gnu:host_triplet: Custom host triplet to pass to Autotools scripts
tools.gnu:make_program: Indicate path to make program
tools.gnu:pkg_config: Path to pkg-config executable used by PkgConfig build helper
tools.google.bazel:bazelrc_path: List of paths to bazelrc files to be used as 'bazel --bazelrc=rcpath1 ... build'
tools.google.bazel:configs: List of Bazel configurations to be used as 'bazel build --config=config1 ...'
tools.graph:skip_binaries: Allow the graph to skip binaries not needed in the current configuration (True by default)
tools.graph:vendor: (Experimental) If 'build', enables the computation of dependencies of vendoring packages to build them
tools.info.package_id:confs: List of existing configuration to be part of the package ID
tools.intel:installation_path: Defines the Intel oneAPI installation root path
tools.intel:setvars_args: Custom arguments to be passed onto the setvars.sh|bat script from Intel oneAPI
tools.meson.mesontoolchain:backend: Any Meson backend: ninja, vs, vs2010, vs2012, vs2013, vs2015, vs2017, vs2019, xcode
tools.meson.mesontoolchain:extra_machine_files: List of paths for any additional native/cross file references to be appended to the existing Conan ones
tools.microsoft.bash:active: If Conan is already running inside bash terminal in Windows
tools.microsoft.bash:path: The path to the shell to run when conanfile.win_bash==True
tools.microsoft.bash:subsystem: The subsystem to be used when conanfile.win_bash==True. Possible values: msys2, msys, cygwin, wsl, sfu
tools.microsoft.msbuild:installation_path: VS install path, to avoid auto-detect via vswhere, like C:/Program Files (x86)/Microsoft Visual Studio/2019/Community. Use empty string to disable
tools.microsoft.msbuild:max_cpu_count: Argument for the /m when running msvc to build parallel projects
tools.microsoft.msbuild:vs_version: Defines the IDE version (15, 16, 17) when using the msvc compiler. Necessary if compiler.version specifies a toolset that is not the IDE default
tools.microsoft.msbuilddeps:exclude_code_analysis: Suppress MSBuild code analysis for patterns
tools.microsoft.msbuildtoolchain:compile_options: Dictionary with MSBuild compiler options
tools.microsoft:msvc_update: Force the specific update irrespective of compiler.update (CMakeToolchain and VCVars)
tools.microsoft:winsdk_version: Use this winsdk_version in vcvars
tools.system.package_manager:mode: Mode for package_manager tools: 'check', 'report', 'report-installed' or 'install'
tools.system.package_manager:sudo: Use 'sudo' when invoking the package manager tools in Linux (False by default)
tools.system.package_manager:sudo_askpass: Use the '-A' argument if using sudo in Linux to invoke the system package manager (False by default)
tools.system.package_manager:tool: Default package manager tool: 'apk', 'apt-get', 'yum', 'dnf', 'brew', 'pacman', 'choco', 'zypper', 'pkg' or 'pkgutil'

Description of configurations

core.cache:storage_path

Absolute path to a folder where the Conan packages and the database of the packages will be stored. This folder will be the heaviest Conan storage folder, as it stores the binary packages dowloaded or created.

global.conf
core.cache.storage_path = C:\Users\danielm\my_conan_storage_folder

Default value: <CONAN_HOME>/p

core.download:download_cache

Absolute path to a folder where the Conan packages will be stored compressed. This is useful to avoid recurrent downloads of the same packages, especially in CI.

global.conf
core.cache.download_cache = C:\Users\danielm\my_download_cache

Default value: Not defined.

User/Tools configurations

Tools and user configurations can be defined in both the global.conf file and Conan profiles. They look like:

global.conf
tools.build:verbosity=verbose
tools.microsoft.msbuild:max_cpu_count=2
tools.microsoft.msbuild:vs_version = 16
tools.build:jobs=10
# User conf variable
user.confvar:something=False

Important

Profiles values will have priority over globally defined ones in global.conf.

These are some hints about configuration items scope and naming:

  • core.xxx and tools.yyy are Conan built-ins, users cannot define their own ones in these scopes.

  • core.xxx can be defined in global.conf or via the --core-conf CLI argument only, but not in profiles.

  • tools.yyy can be defined in global.conf, in profiles [conf] section and as CLI -c arguments

  • user.zzz can be defined everywhere, and they are totally at the user discretion, no established naming convention. However this would be more or less expected:
    • For open source libraries, specially those in conancenter, user.packagename:conf might be expected, like the boost recipe defining user.boost:conf conf

    • For private usage, the recommendation could be to use something like user.orgname:conf for global org configuration across all projects, user.orgname.project:conf for project or package configuration, though user.project:conf might be also good if the project name is unique enough.

    • They _must_ have one : separator, like user.myorg:conf, but not user.myorg.conf or user.myorg. This is to disambiguate from patterns, which are discussed below.

Configuration file template

It is possible to use jinja2 template engine for global.conf. When Conan loads this file, it immediately parses and renders the template, which must result in a standard tools-configuration text.

# Using all the cores automatically
tools.build:jobs={{os.cpu_count()}}
# Using the current OS
user.myconf.system:name = {{platform.system()}}

Conan also injects detect_api (non-stable, read the reference) to the jinja rendering context. You can use it like this:

user.myteam:myconf1={{detect_api.detect_os()}}
user.myteam:myconf2={{detect_api.detect_arch()}}

For more information on how to use it, please check the detect_api section in the profiles reference.

The Python packages passed to render the template are os and platform for all platforms and distro in Linux platforms. Additionally, the variables conan_version and conan_home_folder are also available.

Configuration data types

All the values will be interpreted by Conan as the result of the python built-in eval() function:

# String
tools.build:verbosity=verbose
# Boolean
tools.system.package_manager:sudo=True
# Integer
tools.microsoft.msbuild:max_cpu_count=2
# List of values
user.myconf.build:ldflags=["--flag1", "--flag2"]
# Dictionary
tools.microsoft.msbuildtoolchain:compile_options={"ExceptionHandling": "Async"}

Configuration data operators

It’s also possible to use some extra operators when you’re composing tool configurations in your global.conf or any of your profiles:

  • += == append: appends values at the end of the existing value (only for lists).

  • =+ == prepend: puts values at the beginning of the existing value (only for lists).

  • *= == update: updates the specified keys only, leaving the rest unmodified (only for dictionaries)

  • =! == unset: gets rid of any configuration value.

global.conf
# Define the value => ["-f1"]
user.myconf.build:flags=["-f1"]

# Append the value ["-f2"] => ["-f1", "-f2"]
user.myconf.build:flags+=["-f2"]

# Prepend the value ["-f0"] => ["-f0", "-f1", "-f2"]
user.myconf.build:flags=+["-f0"]

# Unset the value
user.myconf.build:flags=!

# Define the value => {"a": 1, "b": 2}
user.myconf.build:other={"a": 1, "b": 2}

# Update b = 4 => {"a": 1, "b": 4}
user.myconf.build:other*={"b": 4}

Configuration patterns

You can use package patterns to apply the configuration in those dependencies which are matching:

*:tools.cmake.cmaketoolchain:generator=Ninja
zlib/*:tools.cmake.cmaketoolchain:generator=Visual Studio 16 2019

This example shows you how to specify a general generator for all your packages except for zlib which is defining Visual Studio 16 2019 as its generator.

Besides that, it’s quite relevant to say that the order matters. So, if we change the order of the configuration lines above:

zlib/*:tools.cmake.cmaketoolchain:generator=Visual Studio 16 2019
*:tools.cmake.cmaketoolchain:generator=Ninja

The result is that you’re specifying a general generator for all your packages, and that’s it. The zlib line has no effect because it’s the first one evaluated, and after that, Conan is overriding that specific pattern with the most general one, so it deserves to pay special attention to the order.

Information about built-in confs

This section provides extra information about specific confs.

Networking confs

Configuration of client certificates

Conan supports client TLS certificates. You can configure the path to your existing Cacert file and/or your client certificate (and the key) using the following configuration variables:

  • core.net.http:cacert_path: Path containing a custom Cacert file.

  • core.net.http:client_cert: Path or tuple of files containing a client certificate (and the key). See more details in Python requests and Client Side Certificates

For instance:

[CONAN_HOME]/global.conf
core.net.http:cacert_path=/path/to/cacert.pem
core.net.http:client_cert=('/path/client.cert', '/path/client.key')
  • tools.files.download:verify: Setting tools.files.download:verify=False constitutes a security risk if enabled, as it disables certificate validation. Do not use it unless you understand the implications (And even then, properly scoping the conf to only the required recipes is a good idea) or if you are using it for development purposes

UX confs

Skip warnings

There are several warnings that Conan outputs in certain cases which can be omitted via the core:skip_warnings conf, by adding the warning tag to its value.

Those warnings are:

  • deprecated: Messages for deprecated features such as legacy generators

  • network: Messages related to network issues, such as retries