VirtualRunEnv is a generator that produces a launcher conanrunenv .bat, .ps1 or .sh script containing environment variables of the run time environment.

The launcher contains the runtime environment information, anything that is necessary in the environment to actually run the compiled executables and applications. The information is obtained from:

  • The self.runenv_info of the dependencies corresponding to the host context.

  • Also automatically deduced from the self.cpp_info definition of the package, to define PATH, LD_LIBRARY_PATH, DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH and DYLD_FRAMEWORK_PATH environment variables.

It can be used by name in conanfiles:
class Pkg(ConanFile):
    generators = "VirtualRunEnv"

And it can also be fully instantiated in the conanfile generate() method:
from conan import ConanFile
from import VirtualRunEnv

class Pkg(ConanFile):
    settings = "os", "compiler", "arch", "build_type"
    requires = "zlib/1.2.11", "bzip2/1.0.8"

    def generate(self):
        ms = VirtualRunEnv(self)

Generated files

  • conanrunenv-release-x86_64.(bat|ps1|sh): This file contains the actual definition of environment variables like PATH, LD_LIBRARY_PATH, etc, and runenv_info of dependencies corresponding to the host context, and to the current installed configuration. If a repeated call is done with other settings, a different file will be created.

  • conanrun.(bat|ps1|sh): Accumulates the calls to one or more other scripts to give one single convenient file for all. This only calls the latest specific configuration one, that is, if conan install is called first for Release build type, and then for Debug, conanrun.(bat|ps1|sh) script will call the Debug one.

After the execution of one of those files, a new deactivation script will be generated, capturing the current environment, so the environment can be restored when desired. The file will be named also following the current active configuration, like deactivate_conanrunenv-release-x86_64.bat.


To create .ps1 files required for Powershell it is necessary to set to True the following conf: tools.env.virtualenv:powershell.


class VirtualRunEnv(conanfile, auto_generate=False)

Calculates the environment variables of the runtime context and produces a conanrunenv .bat or .sh script


conanfile – The current recipe object. Always use self.


Returns an Environment object containing the environment variables of the run context.


an Environment object instance containing the obtained variables.


scope – Scope to be used.


An EnvVars instance containing the computed environment variables.


Produces the launcher scripts activating the variables for the run context.


scope – Scope to be used.